Its Primary Day. Heres what you need to know

It\s Primary Day. Here\s what you need to know
Mailer linking Nixon to anti-Semitism was approved by top Cuomo aides
(CNN)New York. Gov. Andrew Cuomo will win the Democratic nomination for a third term, CNN projects, easily defeating a challenge from his left by progressive activist and actress Cynthia Nixon.

The blue bastion, which nominates Democrats for state office on Thursday, has a liberal reputation. In practice, however, its state government is corrupt, undemocratic and beholden to a handful of rogue Democrats who have effectively blocked progressive priorities, including protections for undocumented immigrants known as Dreamers, increased support for abortion rights and the modernization of voting rules.

As previously reported by The Real Deal, real estate donated more than $733,000 to Cuomos re-election campaign in the first half of 2018. His top donor during this timeframe was the Durst Organization, with $75,000 across four LLCs and James L. Nederlander of the Nederlander Organization with $65,000. Cuomos favored attorney general candidate, Public Advocate Letitia James, has raised over $280,000 from 80 real estate donors. But shes also returned donations from certain landlords, including $10,000 from Joel Landau, whose firm Allure Group was at the center of the Rivington House scandal. Congressman Sean Patrick Maloney raised at least $433,000 in real estate contributions through the end of August. Teachout has touted the fact that she doesnt take money from corporate developers and on her campaign website calls for a ramp-up in investigations into illegal tenant harassment, tax fraud and money laundering. She has, however, received $21,000 from multifamily landlord Arthur Cornfeld and L+M Development Partners’ Ron Moelis.

Gov. Andrew Cuomo, Lt. Gov. Kathy Hochul and eight renegade Democratic state senators all face robust primary challenges Thursday. The left is backing Fordham law professor Zephyr Teachout in a vicious three-way battle for attorney general, and a new crop of local activists are vying for spots in the Democratic Partys influential but little-known county committees. 

The highest-profile Democratic primary in New York ― the contest between Cuomo and actress Cynthia Nixon ― will be the toughest one for progressives to win.

During his campaign for re-election last year, Mayor Bill de Blasio positioned himself as someone who will stand up against real estate interests. He held a press conference outside 432 Park Avenue to promote a mansion tax on sales of homes over $2 million. He told New York Magazine that if he could, hed curb private property rights. At the same time, his affordable housing program depends on heavily on a buy-in from private developers. In August, the New York Post reported that de Blasios deputy mayors, commissioners and top aides took 136 meetings with lobbyists from March to May this year, most of which pertained to real estate and housing.

There are few Democrats in American politics who elicit as much scorn from the activist left as Cuomo. To these critics, Cuomo uniquely personifies the sort of inauthentic and transactional, big-money-driven politics that has helped sink the Democratic Party to its lowest point of national strength since the 1920s.

Cuomo has drawn the ire of many in the party base for enabling GOP control of the state Senate, first by approving its gerrymandering plan and then by reportedly blessing the formation of the Independent Democratic Conference, or IDC, a breakaway faction of Democrats that handed Republicans power. He is likewise loathed for cutting corporate taxes and education spending, cozying up to corporate donors, employing close aides who were convicted of corruption, neglecting the New York City subway system and reveling in political dirty tricks. 

John Kaehny, executive director and a founding board member of good-government group Reinvent Albany, said given that the real estate industry was at the center of both scandals, there should be even more interest in how donations from real estate impacts elections. He said state elections are especially vulnerable because limited liability companies are treated as individuals rather than corporations. Until rules are reformed, real estate will continue to wield considerable sway over statewide elections, he said.

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In short, knocking out Cuomo would be by far the biggest progressive primary win in this election cycle and would set New York on a path to take its place among the most progressive state governments. Beating back his money advantage alone ― he raised $35.6 million to Nixons $2.5 million ― would spook establishment Democrats across the country. 

The past three years have thrown the influence of real estate in politics into sharp relief with the conviction of two of the most powerful men in Albany. Earlier this year former State Assembly speaker Sheldon Silver and former Senate majority leader Dean Skelos were both re-convicted on corruption charges. Both cases involved leveraging relationships with landlords and developers who, at the time, were lobbying the officials on issues important to the real estate industry, like the 421a tax break.

Video: Voters in New York to settle Nixon, Cuomo contest

If the polls and pundits are to be believed, however, Nixon stands little chance of unseating Cuomo on Thursday. Nixon trails the governor by 41 percentage points in the latest public poll.

Can NY politicians fight Big Real Estate?

New York City Councilman Jumaane Williams, who is running for lieutenant governor as Nixons running mate, likely has a better shot of defeating Lt. Gov. Kathy Hochul, a moderate Democrat from upstate characterized by her loyalty to Cuomo. As The New York Times noted in its endorsement of Williams, he could bring a much-needed check on Cuomos power to what is ordinarily a symbolic role.

Real estates played a big part in recent statewide campaigns for a few reasons. With a New York City developer in the White House, framing a campaign as a challenge to real estates clout — and potential abuse of power — is one way to establish progressive credentials. At the same time, the city is racing to build more affordable housing while also grappling with a scandal-ridden public housing authority.

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Cuomo, who is rumored to be considering a 2020 presidential run, will have his eye on the margin of victory. If Nixon outperforms Teachout, who shocked the state by picking up 34 percent of the vote against Cuomo in 2014, Cuomo may give additional progressive reforms serious thought.

The real estate industry is not monolithic. Like journalism and politics, it is not all good, or all bad and not the source of all societys ills, no matter who says so, said the Durst Organizations Jordan Barowitz. Difficult problems are complicated to solve and require thoughtful collaboration, because of this, scapegoating inevitably solves nothing.

Teachouts primary challenge already nudged Cuomo in a considerably more progressive direction. In his second term, Cuomo banned fracking, raised the minimum wage to $15, passed paid family leave and created a paltry college scholarship program that nonetheless improved on the status quo.

In the debate between Cynthia Nixon and Andrew Cuomo last month, the discussion briefly turned to the issue of homelessness. Cuomo touted his career-long dedication to housing, beginning with a nonprofit he founded in the 1980s. Meanwhile, Nixon blamed the states housing crisis, in part, on the governors close ties with the real estate industry.

Primary Day is here: Heres what you need to know

And since Nixons entry into the race, Cuomo has restored voting rights for paroled felons, released a state study that reviewed marijuana legalization favorably and, perhaps most significantly, in April struck a deal to end the IDC (albeit after passage of the state budget in March). The Nixon campaign has dubbed the shift the Cynthia effect.

The reality is that most New Yorkers are spending a very large percent of their income on rent, so its certainly easy to vilify real estate developers, said David Greenfield, former council member and land use committee chair. Whereas seven years ago, the main talking point was Occupy Wall Street, its now Occupy Real Estate.

Video: Primary Day In New York

Candidates crisscross city ahead of Primary Day

Regardless of the outcome, Nixons showing that you actually can stand up to bullies and effect real policy change, argued Joe Dinkin, head of campaigns at the Nixon-backing Working Families Party.

After the major upset delivered by Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez in June, victory for other upstart progressives against machine candidates seems far more attainable. Her win over Queens boss Joseph Crowley underlined the division in the Democratic party, but also demonstrated the power of tapping into new and disgruntled voters.

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Progressive prospects are brighter for the challenges against eight former members of the Independent Democratic Conference, the group of rogue Democrats that ensured Republican control of the state Senate from 2013 to 2018 in exchange for higher pay and other perks. Together with Simcha Felder, another Democrat who caucuses with Republicans, the IDC prevented a raft of key progressive legislation passed in the Democratic-controlled Assembly from even coming up for a vote. GOP control of the state Senate has denied New York the opportunity to become a progressive leader on immigration, womens rights, climate change, and single-payer health care.

Although the IDC alliance lingered in obscurity for many years, after Donald Trumps presidential election in 2016, activists began waking up to the scandalous arrangement, and New Yorks congressional delegation soon followed suit. State Sen. Michael Gianaris, now chairman of New Yorks reunited Senate Democratic Conference, led the effort to recruit challengers for the IDC members (though he has remained neutral since April as part of the deal Cuomo brokered for IDC members to return to the fold).

“I think that the challenges and frustrations that the candidates are addressing are real. Theres clearly an affordability problem in New York, he said. But it’s a supply and demand problem. It’s not a problem of greedy landlords or a problem that universal price control is going to fix.”

Punishing the former members of the group is a priority for New Yorkers eager to establish the state as a bulwark against Trumps agenda and ensure that no future Democratic lawmakers engage in any similar betrayal of their party.

RXR Realtys Seth Pinsky said that the concerns raised by candidates should be a wakeup call for the real estate industry and the business community at large. He called the demonization of real estate unfair but said criticism is borne from issues that need to be addressed.

The states cant be a laboratory for progressive ideals if you dont control the state Senate, said a New York Democratic strategist who requested anonymity in order to speak freely.

Not only were they the major speakers, they were the major observers, he said. They were able to talk to the chair of the committee directly any time they wanted to. Im not saying that there was anything underhanded, but their power was very, very much an influence.

The strategist also noted that unified control of state government allows Democrats to at least threaten the prospect of retaliation for Republican gerrymandering elsewhere in the country, providing the party a better chance at taking control of the U.S. House.

Council member Ben Kallos said that while he doesnt actively seek donations from the real estate industry, he does work well with some developers. The key, he said, is to not build towers that are out of context with the neighborhood and run safe construction sites.

The candidates challenging former IDC members are Alessandra Biaggi in the Bronx and Westchester (Senate District 34); Jessica Ramos in northwestern Queens (13); Zellnor Myrie in central Brooklyn (20); Robert Jackson in Upper Manhattan (31); John Liu in northeastern Queens (11); Julie Goldberg in Rockland County and part of Westchester (38); Rachel May in metropolitan Syracuse (53); and Jasmine Robinson in Staten Island (23).

Gillibrand rips controversial state party mailer attacking Cynthia Nixon on Jewish issues – NY Daily News

All eight candidates are progressives who back the implementation of state-level single-payer health care and support stronger protections for tenants, ensuring that their election would dramatically change the character of the legislative chamber. Those stances and others have won them the support of the Working Families Party, the New York-based group also backing Nixons gubernatorial bid.

I dont think its any coincidence that we have one of the largest housing crises that weve ever seen in this state when the number one contributor to Andrew Cuomo is the real estate industry and corporate developers, Nixon said.

The IDC challengers face an easier task than does Nixon because they can make a simple partisan case against ex-IDC members in addition to an ideological one.

Biaggi, who is taking on ex-IDC leader Jeff Klein ― the man activists call the head of the snake and who has been accused of sexual misconduct by a former staffer ― illustrates this phenomenon. A former deputy operations manager for Hillary Clintons 2016 presidential campaign, Biaggi subsequently worked as an attorney in Cuomos office, where reproductive rights legislation she was working on for Cuomo could not come up for a vote because Republican Senate leadership that Klein had empowered would not permit it. (Biaggi has not endorsed anyone in the governors race; of the anti-IDC candidates, only Ramos, Jackson and May are backing Nixon.)

This is really a basic matter of money versus people, he said. The LLC loophole and the fact that it essentially allows unlimited contributions, allows real estate executives to flex their muscles in extraordinary ways.

Unlike Biaggis congresswoman-to-be, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, who has canvassed for her, Biaggi stops short of describing herself as a socialist (Wouldnt Jeff Klein love it if I did?). She identifies as a progressive but is keenest to emphasize to voters on their doorsteps that she, unlike Klein, is a real Democrat.

I do think history shows us that when people get into office, and they come to understand how complicated the problems really are, the reality of the situation often requires them to make adjustments, Pinsky said.

Its amazing how much more hopeful you feel when youre actually organizing communities to change the world, rather than just reading about it.Nothing beats knocking doors. @Biaggi4NY and I were sweating bullets in the Bronx yesterday ahead of the 9/13 primary.💯% worth it. pic.twitter.com/RNyBB8XW5h

Several of the IDC challengers, as they are known, have picked up key momentum in recent weeks, including an outpouring of volunteers, and endorsements from labor unions and prominent elected officials.

Why has New York City real estate been able to be so dirty and so cruel for so long? The answer is developer money, Teachout said during a press conference last month, according to Politico.

Many New York poll watchers expect three to four IDC challengers to prevail. The most commonly named are Biaggi, Ramos, Jackson and Myrie, all of whom won the blessing of the New York Times editorial board and Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-N.Y.).

Even if all eight win, Felder needs to return to the fold or another Republican senator needs to lose for Democrats to retake the majority. (Felder is also being challenged by attorney Blake Morris, but he is a long shot in the race.) 

But the mere fact that the seats are competitive is enough to shake up New York politics and possibly keep the heat on Cuomo to usher in more reforms.

Traditionally the New York state legislature has a re-election rate slightly higher than the Soviet politburo, the Democratic strategist said.

Real estate developers are not perfect, for sure, but at the same time, theyre not evil, he said. And its not so simple to put them in a box.

The New York attorney general holds one of the most powerful offices in the country, though its occupant rarely puts that power to much use against the states business titans. With so much of the American corporate and financial world ― including the Trump Organization ― headquartered in New York, the attorney general has prosecutorial jurisdiction over everything from Wall Street to the presidents business books.

“I’m not actually anti-development,” he said. If you agree to not be an asshole, you are going to be fine.

Close Cuomo adviser signed off on mailer hitting Nixon on Jewish issues–says he didnt read whole thing – NY

With Cuomo likely to survive his primary challenge, the open attorney general post is also the best hope for cleaning up the notorious corruption in New York politics. Teachout has won a national audience on the American left for her anti-corruption work and has earned the endorsement of The New York Times and the New York Daily News.

New York City Public Advocate Letitia James has the support of virtually the entire New York political establishment ― an embrace that has often been a liability in an election year dominated by outsider enthusiasm and status quo discontent.

Rep. Sean Patrick Maloney (D-N.Y.), doesnt have James endorsements but is supported by millions of dollars raised from real estate developers, Wall Street banks and corporate law firms through a novel campaign finance structure that may be illegal.

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Polling has consistently shown a wide-open race: There are more undecided voters than there are supporters for any particular candidate.

Former Obama aide backs Cynthia Nixon over Cuomo | TheHill

When the Queens County Democratic Party filled the ranks of its county committee with the names of people who never agreed to run for the elected office and used enforcement of technicalities to disqualify newcomers, it was business as usual.

But when the disqualified candidates fought back with a lawsuit and exposed the scandal in The New York Times, it was a sign that even in New Yorks most corrupt backwaters, change is afoot. 

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The Queens County Democratic Party committee is a panel of more than 1,000 local Democrats meant to serve as a board of block captains, who represent the needs of local Democrats to the county partys leadership and beyond.

In practice, it has become a patronage body that established players can use to ram through appointments to local judgeships ― and seats on the city elections board, which, of course, is the body that threw out the ballots of the newcomers.

The rejected petitioners were mainly comprised of members of the New Queens Democrats, a reform-minded political club that wants the county committee to meet more frequently and be more transparent about its makeup, goals and meetings. One of them, Jesse Rose, an attorney, sued on behalf of the petitioners, though the ballot rejections were ultimately upheld by the state elections board.

The lawsuit has nonetheless generated political attention for the petitioners who now have allies like New York City Councilman Costa Constantinides. The petitioners now stand a chance of being appointed to the committee by the Queens County Democratic Party, but they will not appear on the ballot. 

As someone always really invested in national politics, its opened my eyes to how important it is to get involved locally, and that matters no matter where you live, said Deb Scher, one of the petitioners from the New Queens Democrats.

Its no surprise then that for progressive leaders Thursdays elections are as much about democratizing an ossified, corrupt political system as they are about any one given policy.

Election Day 2018: Voter guide to the New York primary election

Were looking at the potential toppling of the corporate-driven Democratic Party in New York, which is a machine thats been in New York for decades upon decades going all the way back to Boss Tweed, said Jonathan Westin, executive director of New York Communities for Change, a low-income advocacy group backing the various progressive primary candidates.

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New York is one of the biggest Democratic states in the nation, Westin added. Progressive victories on Thursday would have huge effects in terms of how Democrats are standing up to corporations and Wall Street and real estate interests, and really actually working on behalf of the people. Thats whats at stake here.


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